November 14 is World Diabetes Day (WDD). Launched in 1991 by the International Diabetes Foundation (IDF) and the World Health Organization (WHO), the annual event raises awareness about the escalating cases of diabetes around the world. WDD also shines the spotlight on the complications of diabetes and the prevention of the disease.
Diabetes occurs when the pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin or when the body can’t effectively use the insulin. There are several types of diabetes – Type 1, Type 2 and Gestational Diabetes:
- The cause of Type 1 diabetes is unknown. Type I, an autoimmune disease, can never be treated with oral medication.
- About 90 percent of people with diabetes have Type 2 which is usually the result of excess body weight and physical inactivity. Experts believe regular exercise, weight management and a healthy lifestyle can lower the risk of Type 2 diabetes, which can occur in both adults and children.
- Gestational diabetes occurs during pregnancy.
- Impaired Glucose Tolerance (IGT) and Impaired Fasting Glycaemia (IFG) are “intermediate conditions in the transition between normality and diabetes.”
Depending on the type and severity, diabetes can be controlled by diet, weight loss, oral medications or insulin. November 14th was chosen as WDD because it marks the birthday of Frederick Banting, one of the people credited for discovering insulin, a hormone that regulates blood sugar.
It is estimated that 382 million people currently have diabetes and the numbers are expected to rise to 592 million by 2035. The greatest number of people with diabetes are between 40 and 59 years of age. It is estimated that over 4 million people die each year due to diabetes related complications.
World Diabetes Day
Individuals, healthcare professionals, businesses and organizations around the world will take part in various grassroots activities and events, walks and runs.
The Blue Circle is the universal symbol of diabetes. In an effort to shine the spotlight on the disease and “go blue,” more than 1000 buildings, monuments and landmarks around the world went “blue” with special blue lighting.
Each year, WDD centers on a specific theme. Previous themes included Diabetes and Foot Care and Diabetes in Children and Adolescents and Diabetes: Protect our Future.
- The American Diabetes Association provides a plethora of information including the basics, living with the disease and news and research.
- Learn everything you need to know About 2 Diabetes.
- Learn how to reduce your risks with the Diabetes Prevention Program.
- Let’s Take Control of Diabetes. Now.
- Check out the WDD Blue Monument Challenge – in pictures.
- Spread the word with current and previous WDD Posters and Videos.
- Be sure to WDD on Facebook.
Today is also National Pickle Day!
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